HTML5 new form input attributes

html5

HTML5 Attributes

HTML5 added the following attributes for <input>:

and the following attributes for <form>:


The required attribute

The required attribute is a boolean attribute.

When present, it specifies that an input field must be filled out before submitting the form.

The required attribute works with the following input types: text, search, url, tel, email, password, date pickers, number, checkbox, radio, and file.

The ‘required’ attribute is used to make a form input field mandatory. When you submit a form, HTML5 compatible browsers automatically validated the form input and returns false if the form field with required attribute is empty.

html5 required error message

html5-required-error-message

HTML5 Attribute Required Example

A required input field:

<input type="text" name="name" required /> 


The placeholder attribute

The placeholder attribute specifies a hint that describes the expected value of an input field (a sample value or a short description of the format).

The hint is displayed in the input field before the user enters a value.

The placeholder attribute works with the following input types: text, search, url, tel, email, and password.

This HTML5 attribute lets to display a prompt or instructions inside the field and it will disappear on focus of the field. This is used to provide a help text for filling out the form field.

placeholder in html5

placeholder in html5

HTML5 Attribute placeholder Example

An input field with a placeholder text: 

<input type="text" name="fname" placeholder="First name">


The min and max Attributes

The min and max attributes specify the minimum and maximum value for an <input> element.

The min and max attributes work with the following input types: number, range, date, datetime, datetime-local, month, time and week.

input elements with min and max values:

Enter a date before 1980-01-01:
<input type="date" name="bday" max="1979-12-31">

Enter a date after 2000-01-01:
<input type="date" name="bday" min="2000-01-02">

Quantity (between 1 and 5):
<input type="number" name="quantity" min="1" max="5">
html5 number and range

html5 number and range



The autocomplete Attribute
The autocomplete attribute specifies whether a form or input field should have autocomplete on or off.

When autocomplete is on, the browser automatically complete values based on values that the user has entered before.

It is possible to have autocomplete “on” for the form, and “off” for specific input fields, or vice versa.

The autocomplete attribute works with <form> and the following <input> types: text, search, url, tel, email, password, datepickers, range, and color.

Example

An HTML form with autocomplete on (and off for one input field):

<form action="action_page.php" autocomplete="on">
  First name:<input type="text" name="fname"><br>
  Last name: <input type="text" name="lname"><br>
  E-mail: <input type="email" name="email" autocomplete="off"><br>
  <input type="submit">
</form>
html5 autocomplete on

html5 autocomplete on


html5 autocomplete on


The autofocus Attribute

The autofocus attribute is a boolean attribute.

When present, it specifies that an <input> element should automatically get focus when the page loads.

Example

Let the "First name" input field automatically get focus when the page loads:

First name: <input type="text" name="fname" autofocus>
autofocus in html5

autofocus in html5


The form Attribute

The form attribute specifies one or more forms an <input> element belongs to.

Tip: To refer to more than one form, use a space-separated list of form ids.

Example

An input field located outside the HTML form (but still a part of the form):

<form action="action_page.php" id="form1">
  First name: <input type="text" name="fname"><br>
  <input type="submit" value="Submit">
</form>

Last name: <input type="text" name="lname" form="form1">


The formaction Attribute

The formaction attribute specifies the URL of a file that will process the input control when the form is submitted.

The formaction attribute overrides the action attribute of the

element.

The formaction attribute is used with type=”submit” and type=”image”.

Example

An HTML form with two submit buttons, with different actions:

<form action="action_page.php">
  First name: <input type="text" name="fname"><br>
  Last name: <input type="text" name="lname"><br>
  <input type="submit" value="Submit"><br>
  <input type="submit" formaction="demo_admin.asp"
  value="Submit as admin">
</form>


The formenctype Attribute

The formenctype attribute specifies how the form-data should be encoded when submitting it to the server (only for forms with method=”post”)

The formenctype attribute overrides the enctype attribute of the

element.

The formenctype attribute is used with type=”submit” and type=”image”.

Example

Send form-data that is default encoded (the first submit button), and encoded as "multipart/form-data" (the second submit button):

<form action="demo_post_enctype.asp" method="post">
  First name: <input type="text" name="fname"><br>
  <input type="submit" value="Submit">
  <input type="submit" formenctype="multipart/form-data"
  value="Submit as Multipart/form-data">
</form>


The formmethod Attribute

The formmethod attribute defines the HTTP method for sending form-data to the action URL.

The formmethod attribute overrides the method attribute of the

element.

The formmethod attribute can be used with type=”submit” and type=”image”.

Example

The second submit button overrides the HTTP method of the form:

<form action="action_page.php" method="get">
  First name: <input type="text" name="fname"><br>
  Last name: <input type="text" name="lname"><br>
  <input type="submit" value="Submit">
  <input type="submit" formmethod="post" formaction="demo_post.asp"
  value="Submit using POST">
</form>


The formnovalidate Attribute

The novalidate attribute is a boolean attribute.

When present, it specifies that the <input> element should not be validated when submitted.

The formnovalidate attribute overrides the novalidate attribute of the <form> element.

The formnovalidate attribute can be used with type=”submit”.

Example

A form with two submit buttons (with and without validation):

<form action="action_page.php">
  E-mail: <input type="email" name="userid"><br>
  <input type="submit" value="Submit"><br>
  <input type="submit" formnovalidate value="Submit without validation">
</form>


The formtarget Attribute

The formtarget attribute specifies a name or a keyword that indicates where to display the response that is received after submitting the form.

The formtarget attribute overrides the target attribute of the

element.

The formtarget attribute can be used with type=”submit” and type=”image”.

Example

A form with two submit buttons, with different target windows:

<form action="action_page.php">
  First name: <input type="text" name="fname"><br>
  Last name: <input type="text" name="lname"><br>
  <input type="submit" value="Submit as normal">
  <input type="submit" formtarget="_blank"
  value="Submit to a new window">
</form>


The height and width Attributes

The height and width attributes specify the height and width of an <input> element.

The height and width attributes are only used with <input type=”image”>.

Example

Define an image as the submit button, with height and width attributes:

<input type="image" src="img_submit.gif" alt="Submit" width="48" height="48">


The list Attribute

The list attribute refers to a element that contains pre-defined options for an <input> element.

Example

An <input> element with pre-defined values in a <datalist>:

<input list="browsers">

<datalist id="browsers">
  <option value="Internet Explorer">
  <option value="Firefox">
  <option value="Chrome">
  <option value="Opera">
  <option value="Safari">
</datalist>
html5 list Attribute

html5 list Attribute


The multiple Attribute

The multiple attribute is a boolean attribute.

When present, it specifies that the user is allowed to enter more than one value in the <input> element.

The multiple attribute works with the following input types: email, and file.

Example

A file upload field that accepts multiple values:

Select images: <input type="file" name="img" multiple>
html 5 multiple Attribute for file

html 5 multiple Attribute for file

html 5 multiple Attribute for email

html 5 multiple Attribute for email


The pattern Attribute

The pattern attribute specifies a regular expression that the <input> element’s value is checked against.

The pattern attribute works with the following input types: text, search, url, tel, email, and password.

Tip: Use the global title attribute to describe the pattern to help the user.

Tip: Learn more about regular expressions in our JavaScript tutorial.

Example

An input field that can contain only three letters (no numbers or special characters):

Country code: <input type="text" name="country_code" pattern="[A-Za-z]{3}" title="Three letter country code">


The step Attribute

The step attribute specifies the legal number intervals for an <input> element.

Example: if step=”3″, legal numbers could be -3, 0, 3, 6, etc.

Tip: The step attribute can be used together with the max and min attributes to create a range of legal values.

The step attribute works with the following input types: number, range, date, datetime, datetime-local, month, time and week.

Example

An input field with a specified legal number intervals:

<input type="number" name="points" step="3">

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